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[스포츠] Games, Teams & Players


 doubleo7 ( 2014-11-30 20:44:07 , Hit : 958
 NK Maribor NK 마리보

슬로베니아 마리보르 / UEFA RANKING 86위

Nogometni Klub Maribor (English: Maribor Football Club), commonly referred to as NK Maribor or simply Maribor, is a professional football club based in Maribor, Slovenia. Founded on 12 December 1960, Maribor is one of only three football clubs in the country who have never been relegated from the Slovenian top flight 1. SNL since its establishment in 1991.[1][2] They are regarded as a symbol of Slovenian football, particularly in their home region of Styria (Slovene: Štajerska) in the northeastern Slovenia.

Maribor is the most successful club in the country, having won 12 Slovenian PrvaLiga titles, eight Slovenian Cups and four Slovenian Supercups. The club's most successful period was in the late 1990s and early 2000s, when they overwhelmingly dominated domestic football, winning seven successive league titles and three national cups. Following the 2008–09 season, Maribor became the dominant force in Slovenian football for the second time, having won four out of five championships since then. Since 2011 the club also enjoys a fair amount of success in European football, reaching the UEFA Europa League or the UEFA Champions League annually. Between 2008 and 2013 Darko Milanič has led the club to four league, three cup and two supercup titles, becoming the first coach who has won all three domestic trophies. Prior to Slovenia's independence in 1991 Maribor played in the Yugoslav football system. They are one of only three Slovenian teams who participated in the country's highest division, Yugoslav First League, between the end of World War II in 1945 and the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991. Apart from winning the Yugoslav second division once and the third division five times, the club had no major success during its Yugoslav period; the closest they came to winning a major trophy was in the 1967–68 season, when they reached the semi-finals of the Yugoslav Cup. In addition, they are the only Slovenian club and one of only four clubs from the former Yugoslavia who participated in group stage of the UEFA Champions League.

They have maintained a fierce rivalry with Olimpija from the capital Ljubljana, with whom they contested the Eternal Derby (Večni derbi). Their other major rivalry was against Mura from Murska Sobota and matches between the two were dubbed as the Northeastern Derby (Severovzhodni derbi). However, both Olimpija and Mura folded and were dissolved following the 2004–05 season. In 2005 "successor" clubs, Bežigrad (later renamed to Olimpija Ljubljana) and Mura 05 were established, who regarded themselves as the continuation of the former clubs. Legally the new Olimpija Ljubljana and Mura 05 are distinct and separate clubs, and were not entitled to claim the history and honours won by their "predecessors".[3] Although Maribor and the new Olimpija Ljubljana contest in what is regarded as the Eternal derby the rivalry is not as fierce as it was between Maribor and the dissolved club.[4] Mura 05 folded and were dissolved following the 2012–13 season, after they have spent two successive seasons in the top division, which led to the creation of Mura.[5] Maribor also have a loyal and passionate fan base and the club has the highest average all-time attendance in Slovenia.

The club's home ground is the Ljudski vrt stadium, which has a capacity of 12,994.[6] It was originally built in 1952 and later underwent a series of major reconstructions in the 1990s and 2000s. The club's Academy, which is hailed as the best in the country,[7] is responsible for youth development at the club and has enjoyed a fair amount of success in producing promising young players.[8] Maribor's nicknames are The Purples (Vijoličasti) and The Violets (Vijolice), both referring to their primary colour purple. The club's motto is One club, one honour (En klub, ena čast).





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